Boo Radley and Tom Robinson share many similarities in spite of fact that one man is white and the other black. By juxtaposing these two characters, Lee proves that justice and compassion reach beyond the boundary of color and human prejudices. The novel's title is a metaphor for both men, each of whom is a mockingbird. In this case however, one mockingbird is shot, the other is forced to kill.
Robinson Crusoe - Wikipedia
Most of black people of Maycomb in the swere terrorized of committing some crime because they could be lynched for a crime they did not commit or do. One example of the book in chapter 18 was the start of the trial of Tom Robinson who was accused of rape and was in fear of being lynched for a crime he did not do. The main meaning of to Kill a Mocking Bird is to show how black people were being thought of as non-human simply because of their skin color. He was accused by Bob Ewell because his daughter told him the Tom Robinson was the one who raped her. The novel discusses the life of boy who grew up in Mississippi and was torn from his home to live in Arizona as his father opposed of the underlying racism Hiram was too young to comprehend.
While most people in society strive to have moral attributes, not everyone understands what traits are important in achieving this goal. His young children constantly find themselves trying to keep occupied during the years that pass. One summer, Atticus, who is a lawyer, finds himself in the middle of a controversial case, involving a black man, Tom Robinson, and a white woman. Scout and Jem observe how Atticus responds to the changes the case brings to their small town which makes the children want to follow in his footsteps. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus is a static character who is continually understanding, just, and honest.
Tom Robinson did not have to deal with such issues until Bob Ewell suspected him of rape. This is because he is courteous to each individual he encounters. He has the knowledge of how to act when in the company of Whites. This is one of the reasons why Atticus chose to defend Tom in court. It was not because he thought he could win, but it was the result of many years of respect Tom Robinson gave to the town.