Purpose of review: While acute bacterial meningitis is becoming less common in developed countries because of the widespread use of vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitides, and Haemophilus influenzae, bacterial meningitis still occurs worldwide, with peak incidence in young children and the elderly. Bacterial meningitis is usually lethal unless appropriate antibiotics that cross the blood-brain barrier are given. Clinical suspicion of bacterial meningitis begins when patients present with the abrupt onset of fever, headache, and meningismus. Recent findings: New technologies are being developed for more rapid identification of the bacterial species causing meningitis.
Spinal Meningitis Essay
Meningitis Essay | Essay
Listeriosis is a serious, potentially fatal infection caused by Listeria species. The most recent outbreak was in late , when Listeria -contaminated cantaloupes from a farm in Colorado caused infection in people, with symptoms ranging from febrile gastroenteritis to meningoencephalitis. The outbreak encompassed 28 states and led to 30 deaths. In the United States, L monocytogenes is estimated to cause 1, illnesses, more than 1, hospitalizations, and deaths per year. Immunocompromised individuals are at greatest risk; for example, a person with AIDS is times more likely than a person with normal immune function to develop infection.
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Explains how doctors diagnose and treat meningococcal disease, as well as common complications even with treatment…. Shows pictures of people with meningococcal disease and microscopic images of the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease…. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Meningococcal Disease. Section Navigation.