The motivations, incentives, stimulants represent the rewards that are elevated through crime. Agnew organizes the base for crime into domains beginning with self —control and irritability. A person that demonstrates intense emotional reactions, lack motivation and blames others for their problems can lead to both reduced constraints against crime and an enhanced motivation for the crime. This behavior is also a major trigger for lack of informal control and seeking rewards for negative behaviors. However, when a strong community or welfare is absent, the prosperity of the individual often declines.
Functionalist Theory Of Deviance Essay
Functionalism And Education Essay - Words | Help Me
Functionalism Inside the theory, plays a various parts on the society, which consist mainly of social institutions, and contributes to the sociality of the society. Sociologist Durkheim anticipates the society as an organisation where each component plays an important part but can not function alone, a part may crash or experience a crisis while other parts should be adapted to fill the remaining gap. Functionalism is comprised of different parts of social society, parts that depend on each other and function to meet different needs in society. Particularly important in key defined institutions such as economy, family, media, etc.
Functionalist theory of crime and deviance
Functionalism is a consensus theory that sees society as a complex structure whose parts have to work together in order to function. Emile Durkheim was the one to come up with this theory, he initially envisioned society as an organism, just like within an organism each part has to work efficiently in order for it to run as a whole, each part plays a necessary part and none can function alone. If one part experiences a fail then other parts must adapt to fill the void. There are parts of society that are of social institutions, each of which is designed for different needs and to help different parts of society.
Marxists in particular argue that functionalists fail to consider where the rules or the laws come from. Although Durkheim and others argue in favour of organic social change, they appear to view the law as merely a legal reflection of the value consensus of society: a set of rules that almost everyone agrees with. Those who disagree are deviants, or delinquents in subcultures. However, in reality, laws do not just, or even, reflect the collective conscience of a society, but are created by the powerful: the state. Marxists argue between themselves about the extent to which the state works in the interests of the ruling class, but they all agree that it usually does.