Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin [c] born 7 October is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who is serving as the current president of Russia since , previously being in the office from until As of , Putin is the second-longest serving European president, after Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus. Putin worked as a KGB foreign intelligence officer for 16 years, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel , before resigning in to begin a political career in Saint Petersburg. He later moved to Moscow in to join the administration of President Boris Yeltsin.
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Ararat Osipian does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. In a country where the myth of academic meritocracy persists despite plenty of evidence to the contrary , many people were shocked to learn that the education system was rife with illegal and unethical conduct. In certain countries, my research on academic corruption attests , some public officials have built their entire political careers on the false pretense of scholastic achievement. It turns out that Guttenburg, then widely seen as the successor to Chancelor Angela Merkel, had plagiarized large sections of his Ph. Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta initially tried a different approach when he was accused of academic plagiarism soon after taking office in He denied everything. Ponta quit his post in after going on trial for tax evasion and facing a series of other scandals. Accusations against Putin first surfaced in , when an investigation by the Brookings Institution alleged he copied about 16 pages of his page Ph.
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Known to be a pragmatist, Putin has demonstrated that he is aware of the scale of the problems facing Russian society and the Russian economy and he seems to be serious about fighting corruption. At present, he is one of the most admired figures Russia has seen this decade, even his opponents singing his praises. Born to factory workers in Leningrad now St. Petersburg , Putin grew up in a communal apartment shared by several families.