John Locke argues that we should study our place in the natural world to shape our system of ethics and politics. The most natural of human behaviors is avoiding pain and seeking pleasure which means that people are naturally selfish sometimes. He also asserts that we have a natural law giving us the right to life, liberty and the fruits of our labor property just by virtue of being born. With a civil society we are given established laws, a judge and enforcement.
Locke And Hobbes Laws Of Nature
Introduction to Natural Law | Mises Institute
This law of nature being that each and every man must have the unalienable rights to their life, liberty, and their personal property. Any government that would be going against this natural law is to be considered an unfit and uncivilised government. Therefore, the people governed by this uncivilised state have the right to rebel. The most simple way to describe the Law of Nature is that a government must work for the protection of the governed. He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
Essay On Natural Law Theory
In this state, both refer to men as equals among them. Locke describes nature as a "state of perfect equality, where there is no superiority or jurisdiction of one over another". For Hobbes, the time a man spends in a state of nature, it is as if he were in a state of war. Because if two men can not enjoy the same benefits, they become enemies and on the way to their end they try to disappear.
Lewis, , p. Lewis states that moral law exists and is independent. The moral law presses upon us to do the decent thing, even if it causes us discomfort.