Hedge funds are alternative investments that use market opportunities to their advantage. These funds require a larger initial investment than many other types of investments and generally are accessible only to accredited investors. That's because hedge funds require far less regulation from the Securities and Exchange Commission SEC than others like mutual funds. Most hedge funds are illiquid, meaning investors need to keep their money invested for longer periods of time, and withdrawals are often limited to certain periods of time. As such, they use different strategies so their investors can earn active returns.
The Collapse of Lehman Brothers: A Case Study
Hedge Fund Case Study: Take-Home | Street Of Walls
A hedge fund is a pooled investment fund that trades in relatively liquid assets and is able to make extensive use of more complex trading , portfolio -construction and risk management techniques in an attempt to improve performance, such as short selling , leverage , and derivatives. Hedge funds are regarded as alternative investments. Their ability to make more extensive use of leverage and more complex investment techniques distinguishes them from regulated investment funds available to the retail market, such as mutual funds and ETFs. They are also considered distinct from private-equity funds and other similar closed-end funds , as hedge funds generally invest in relatively liquid assets and are generally open-ended , meaning that they allow investors to invest and withdraw capital periodically based on the fund's net asset value , whereas private-equity funds generally invest in illiquid assets and only return capital after a number of years. Although hedge funds are not subject to many restrictions that apply to regulated funds, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe following the financial crisis of — with the intention of increasing government oversight of hedge funds and eliminating certain regulatory gaps. Although most modern hedge funds are able to employ a wide variety of financial instruments and risk management techniques,  they can be very different from each other with respect to their strategies, risks, volatility and expected return profile. It is common for hedge fund investment strategies to aim to achieve a positive return on investment regardless of whether markets are rising or falling " absolute return ".
Case Study: Collapse of Long-Term Capital Management
Hedge funds are pooled investments that involve aggressive trading strategies to generate very active returns for their investors. They've gained quite a big name because of these returns. But they aren't an option for the average investor, mainly because initial investment requirements are usually fairly high and can only be fulfilled by accredited investors , such as institutional investors and high-net-worth individuals HNWIs. Hedge funds are just like mutual funds because both allow investors to purchase and sell shares. But because they involve aggressive investment strategies and vehicles, hedge funds come with more risk to the investor.