Post a comment Post a Comment. The Classics, Part 1. Karl Marx being arrested in Brussels, s. Marx: Theses on Feuerbach. Any one of the eleven short Theses on Feuerbach attached would be adequate on its own as a topic for discussion in a study circle. The most famous of them is the last one:.
Theses On Feuerbach
Theses on Feuerbach
The " Theses on Feuerbach " are eleven short philosophical notes written by Karl Marx as a basic outline for the first chapter of the book The German Ideology in Like the book for which they were written, the theses were never published in Marx's lifetime, seeing print for the first time in as an appendix to a pamphlet by his co-thinker Frederick Engels. The document is best remembered for the epigrammatic 11th thesis and final line: "Philosophers have hitherto only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it. Marx began work upon a book detailing his new philosophy of history, entitled The German Ideology. These "theses" were initially written as a raw outline for the first chapter of The German Ideology , and most of these were developed at greater length in that work. Marx sharply criticized the contemplative materialism of the Young Hegelians, viewing "the essence of man" in isolation and abstraction , instead arguing that the nature of man could only be understood in the context of his economic and social relations. The "Theses" identify political action as the only truth of philosophy, famously concluding: "Philosophers have hitherto only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it.
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The chief defect of all previous materialism that of Feuerbach included is that things [ Gegenstand ], reality, sensuousness are conceived only in the form of the object, or of contemplation , but not as sensuous human activity, practice , not subjectively. Hence, in contradistinction to materialism, the active side was set forth abstractly by idealism — which, of course, does not know real, sensuous activity as such. Feuerbach wants sensuous objects, really distinct from conceptual objects, but he does not conceive human activity itself as objective activity. In Das Wesen des Christenthums , he therefore regards the theoretical attitude as the only genuinely human attitude, while practice is conceived and defined only in its dirty-Jewish form of appearance .
The main defect of all hitherto-existing materialism — that of Feuerbach included — is that the Object [ der Gegenstand ] , actuality, sensuousness, are conceived only in the form of the object [ Objekts ] , or of contemplation [ Anschauung ] , but not as human sensuous activity, practice [ Praxis ] , not subjectively. Hence it happened that the active side, in opposition to materialism, was developed by idealism — but only abstractly, since, of course, idealism does not know real, sensuous activity as such. In The Essence of Christianity [ Das Wesen des Christenthums ] , he therefore regards the theoretical attitude as the only genuinely human attitude, while practice [ Praxis ] is conceived and defined only in its dirty-Jewish form of appearance [ Erscheinungsform ] . The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question. Man must prove the truth, i.