Alasdair MacIntyre is a Scottish born, British educated, moral and political philosopher who has worked in the United States since His work in ethics and politics reaches across disciplines, drawing on sociology and philosophy of the social sciences as well as Greek and Latin classical literature. MacIntyre began his career as a Marxist, but in the late s, he started working to develop a Marxist ethics that could rationally justify the moral condemnation of Stalinism. MacIntyre followed After Virtue with two books examining the role that traditions play in judgments about truth and falsity, Whose Justice? Which Rationality?
Political And Social Order In Thomas Hobbes Leviathan
Marxism and Hobbe's Concept of Human Nature Free Essay Sample
In these writings Hume advances a systematic, sceptical critique of the philosophical foundations of various theological systems. According to an earlier scholarly consensus, prevalent throughout much of the twentieth century, Hume removed almost all the material in the Treatise that was concerned with religion because he was anxious to avoid offending the religious establishment. In his later works, beginning with the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding , Hume began to present his views on this subject in a more substantial and direct manner. This culminates in his Natural History of Religion and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ; published posthumously — both of which are entirely on religion.
Hobbes' State of Nature
Philosophers have been pondering the notion of freedom for thousands of years. This is an important concept because we must decide whether individuals are free, whether they should be free, what this means and what kinds of institutions we are to build around these ideas. He begins with stating that in political philosophy, the dominant issue is the question of obedience and coercion.
Maurice Quentin de la Tour, Portrait of Jean Jacques Rousseau replica of portrait, image dates to the last third of the 18th century. Image via Wikimedia Commons. But on this point there is also significant ambivalence in Rousseau. For to be driven by appetite alone is slavery, and obedience to the law one has prescribed for oneself is liberty.