Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Marine Environmental Research publishes original research papers on chemical, physical, and biological interactions in the oceans and coastal waters. The journal serves as a forum for new information on biology, chemistry, and toxicology and syntheses that advance understanding of marine environmental The journal serves as a forum for new information on biology, chemistry, and toxicology and syntheses that advance understanding of marine environmental processes.
How To Organize A Research Paper
Marine Environmental Research - Journal - Elsevier
A model organism often shortened to model is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the model organism will provide insight into the workings of other organisms. Studying model organisms can be informative, but care must be taken when generalizing from one organism to another. In researching human disease , model organisms allow for better understanding the disease process without the added risk of harming an actual human. The species chosen will usually meet a determined taxonomic equivalency [ clarification needed ] to humans, so as to react to disease or its treatment in a way that resembles human physiology as needed. Although biological activity in a model organism does not ensure an effect in humans, many drugs, treatments and cures for human diseases are developed in part with the guidance of animal models.
Ecosystem Research Papers
A model organism is a species that has been widely studied, usually because it is easy to maintain and breed in a laboratory setting and has particular experimental advantages. Examples of model organisms used to study genetics. While the fruit fly has a long history as a model organism, the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans has only been used as a model organism since the early s. Since the s, the zebrafish Danio rerio has become increasingly important to scientific research. It has many characteristics that make it a valuable model for studying human genetics and disease.
The lab-made microbe, a strain of bacteria that is normally found in soil and the human gut, is similar to its natural cousins but survives on a smaller set of genetic instructions. The artificial genome holds 4m base pairs, the units of the genetic code spelled out by the letters G, A, T and C. Printed in full on A4 sheets, it runs to pages, making the genome the largest by far that scientists have ever built.